Mobile App Development Process: Step-by-Step Guide

Mobile App Development

In today’s digital landscape, mobile applications are now a necessity for businesses to attract new customers and retain their sales. According to a survey conducted by McKinsey, more than 77% of CIOs are considering a mobile-first approach to digital transformation.

Furthermore, mobile applications are projected to generate $935.2 billion in revenue by 2023 (As shown in the below graph). With such promising numbers, it is no surprise why every business is looking for mobile app development.

Now it is very important that you know the process of building a mobile app before opting for its development. So, here in the blog, we are going to explain to you a step-by-step mobile app creation guide along with the latest methodologies. 

So let’s get started!

Key Steps of The Mobile App Development Process

1.  Strategy Development

The very first step in the mobile app development process is to develop a strategy that is unique and drives more users to your application. An app’s objective may differ from the other ones but still, there is a common well-defined strategy that is applicable to all applications. And also it will help you to address your mobile development initiatives. So here are some major points that you can consider.

  • Define your app’s major goals and objectives.
  • Decide how you will leverage the data generated by the mobile app to make the right business decisions.
  • Identify your target audience.
  • Decide how you will promote the mobile app.
  • Choose the right monetization model. (Also, this point is only applicable to those businesses who are delivering a consumer application.)

2.  Analysis & Planning

The second step in the creation of a mobile app is analysis and planning. At this stage, your app idea will start taking shape and turn into an actual project. Here you should identify all the details before you move forward to the design and development stages.

It’s time to build a roadmap after you have identified all the requirements. In this, you should prioritize mobile app requirements such as costs, time, and resources.  Also, define your Minimum Viable Product (MVP) as well for the initial launch. But wait, don’t forget to select the name for your app because they are domain names and should be unique.

Next, part of this phase is to choose the technology stack needed for the project. For instance, if you are building an application specifically for Android and iOS platforms then you can hire Android app developers or iOS app developers respectively. On the other hand, if you want your application to run on different operating systems, then you can go for cross-platform app development.

Hence at this step, you should note down all the things that you want specifically in your app.

3.  Application Designing

One thing you should always remember is that what users see and experience has to be seamless regardless of how complex operations are happening in the background. So, your app’s UI/UX design should be intuitive, user-friendly, and engaging. Now, let’s have a closer look at the aspects of designing.

  • Information Architecture & Workflows

The first step in the app design process is to determine your app’s information architecture. You need to decide what data will be there in your app, how it will be displayed, and finally how the users will interact with it. On the basis of these points, you can then create workflow diagrams.

  • Wireframes

Basically, UI/UX designers start the app design by building wireframes. So, wireframes are the conceptual layouts that are used by a mobile app development company to provide a visual layout of the app’s functionality. Also, this is a very quick and cost-effective approach to mobile app design.

  • Style Guide

Style guides are created to ensure consistency throughout the app development process. Additionally, it improves the productivity of mobile app developers. So, this style guide contains the following design aspects:

  • Color Schemes
  • Fonts
  • Typefaces
  • Widgets and other design elements.
  • Mockups

After you are done with creating style guides, now it’s time to move to build mockups. These are the final renderings of the app’s visual design and are also known as “high-fidelity designs”. But do you know how mockups are created? So, basically, these are built by applying the style guide to the wireframes.

  • Prototypes

The last step of the design process is the development of prototypes. These can be created by using interactive design tools such as Figma and Invision. Prototypes stimulate the user experience and the app’s entire workflow. This process can be time-consuming but do not overlook it. Because when done properly, it will help to detect any design and functionality mistakes.

Although, many companies prefer building prototypes at the wireframing stage, especially when the app’s functional requirements are heavily dependent on UI.

4.  Application Development

When the design phase is complete, it’s time to move to the main part of the mobile app development process. Typically, it consists of two main parts i.e. frontend and backend. Now, let’s have a closer look at these terms.

  • Front-end development

This process is followed to develop the user interface of the mobile application.

  • Back-end development

This stage of app development involves creating databases and server-side objects. It determines the scalability of the app.

Also, the backend and the frontend process should be perfectly in sync to handle the to and fro of the information easily.

5.  Application Testing

For the highest quality delivery, your app should undergo the below testing methods prior to the app deployment.

  • Functional Testing

The main purpose of this testing is to ensure that the users can use your app’s features and functionalities without any issues. One thing you should keep in mind is that if you are building an app-specific platform, then the functional testing should include a feature comparison between both versions of your mobile app.

  • Performance Testing

This testing is done to check the app’s responsiveness and how it will handle the increase in concurrent users.

  • Security Testing

Security is one such concern that is very important for enterprise mobile apps. This testing is done to ensure that the app adheres to all the security standards and there are no loopholes in the system.

  • Device & Platform Testing

On average, new mobile devices are coming to the market yearly and operating systems are updated monthly. That’s why it is very important for your application to stay on top of compatibility.

6.  Application Deployment & Support

Now to finally deploy your app, you must submit it to the appropriate app store, the Apple app store for iOS apps and Google Play Store for Android apps respectively.

After this, once your app is finally live, you have to monitor its usage through mobile analytics platforms and track key performance indicators for measuring the app’s success.

Also, As an entrepreneur, one thing you should always remember is that work does not stop once you have deployed the app. In fact, it is just the starting point. That’s why make sure that your mobile app will go through continuous maintenance to keep up with the latest operating systems and performance standards.


To conclude, the success of your mobile app depends totally on how you have executed the mobile app development process. Furthermore, if you face any kind of issues related to this process, don’t hesitate to reach out to a mobile app development company for all your concerns.

Lastly, we hope you enjoyed reading this blog and have understood the whole process of building a mobile app!

Author Bio: Amara collaborates with the editorial team of DianApps, a reputable React Native app development company providing the best mobile app development services. Her love has always been learning about the newest technology, reading about them, and sharing her thoughts through writing. She looks for fresh possibilities to share her viewpoints, investigate technology developments, and record the specifics. She is always reading books or articles on various topics or taking notes on a notepad.

Written by Emma will

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